A Better Promise (Hebrews 11)

In Hebrews chapter 11, the author develops a critical similarity between the old covenant saints and new covenant believers; the absolute need to live by faith.  For the Old Testament believers, their faith was centered around the idea that something better was coming.

By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain…By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death…By faith Noah, being warned by God about things not yet seen, prepared an ark…By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out…not knowing where he was going…By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise; for he was looking for a city which has foundations, whose architect and builder is God.  By faith even Sarah herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised….All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth” (Heb 11:4-13).

The author continues to highlight the faith of the Old Testament saints throughout the rest of chapter 11.  By the end of the chapter he brings us, the new covenant believers, into the picture.  “And all these [Old Testament saints], having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, because God had provided something better for us [new covenant saints], so that apart from us they would not be made perfect” (Heb 11:39-40).  “Something better” takes us back to Hebrews 8:6, “But now Jesus has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises” (Heb 8:6).

What are these “better promises” that apply to new covenant believers?  And what kind of faith is required for us to lay hold of these promises?  We will explore these questions next time.

A Better Offering (Hebrews 10:1-16)

Coming now to Hebrews chapter 10, the author stops to summarize his main point:  The superiority of Jesus and the new covenant that He ushered in by His complete and sufficient sacrifice for our sins.  “For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near.  Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have consciousness of sins?  But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year.  For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins” (Heb 10:1-4).  The Old Testament sacrifice was not a complete salvation, but only a temporary covering for their sins.

But when Christ came, the temporary sacrificial system was replaced by His permanent obedient sacrifice.  “Therefore, when Christ comes into the world, He says, ‘Sacrifice and offering You have not desired, but a body You have prepared for Me;  in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have taken no pleasure.  Then I said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God” ‘ ” (Heb 10:5-7).

“When Christ said, ‘Behold, I have come to do your will,’ He takes away the first in order to establish the second.  By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (Heb 10:9-10).  Christ came to replace the old covenant system of sacrifice with the once-for-all obedient sacrifice of His own body.

This sacrifice has a here-and-now application as well as a once-for-all.  “For by one offering He has perfected [completed the salvation] for all time [once for all] those who are being sanctified [in the here and now]” (Heb 10:14).  Being sanctified how?  “By the Holy Spirit who testifies to us; for after saying, ‘This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws upon their heart, and on their mind I will write them’ ” (Heb 10:15-16).  This is a repeat of the promise of Hebrews 8:10.

How does God write His laws, His ways, on our heart and mind?  By giving us the mind of Christ Himself through the indwelling Spirit.  “Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things freely given to us by God, which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining spiritual thoughts with spiritual words…For who has known the mind of the Lord?…But we have the mind of Christ” (I Cor 2:12-13, 16).  Can you believe it?  You have the mind of Christ.  And the implications of this are enormous.

 

A Better Sacrifice (Hebrews 9:11-28)

“But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption” (Heb 9:11-12).  Christ’s death, the spilling of His blood, was a better sacrifice.  Christ’s blood not only obtained our “eternal redemption”, but it also empowers our Christian walk as we see in these verses ahead.

“For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?  And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance” (Heb 9:13-15).

The promise of the new covenant has an eternal and a present component.  On the eternal front, our transgressions are paid in full by Christ’s blood and we have obtained an “eternal inheritance”.  On the present-day front, Christ’s blood “cleanses our conscience to serve the living God”; to live godly lives.  When Christ died, our old sin nature died with Him and we have been raised with Christ to walk in a new life, to walk in a new resurrection power (Rom 6:4).  The ramifications of this for experiencing the supernatural Christian life are the heart and soul of what Fanning the Flames is all about.  But we move on.

“For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; nor was it that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the holy place year by year with blood that is not his own…so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him” (Heb 9:24-25,28).  Christ’s first coming secured our initial salvation and our eternal destiny.  He saved us when He bore our sins on the cross.  Christ’s second coming will secure our final salvation; our ultimate rescue from this world to live forever with Him.  Even so, come Lord Jesus!